Chaka Salt Lake 茶卡盐湖
Chaka Salt Lake is called by locals “Chaka” (or Caka ) which means simply “salt lake” in Tibetan. The lake is much smaller than Qinghai Lake, with an area of 105 square kilometers. However, during the rainy season in July and August and after the spring snow melt, the lake can swell to almost 7 times its normal size. Its rich salt deposits have been mined since the Western Han Dynasty. Even today in 2019, the lake is actively used to sell and produce salt for domestic consumption and export. There is is even a little train that runs out into the lake basin to help collect the salt and bring it back to the nearby lake shore processing plant.
The Salt Lake is located in the eastern part of Qai-dam Basin, just a few km from Chaka Town in Ulan County. Chaka Lake is about a 5.5 hour drive west, or 300km west, of Xining. Most people traveling through this area stop at Qinghai Lake (2.5 hours west of Xining) and then continue to make their way west across the wild high grasslands of Qinghai Province to make it to Chaka Lake.
Chaka Lake is an extremely important site on the ancient Silk Road. For travelers on the Qinghai-Tibet Railway traveling from Xining to Tibet by train or overland this lake can be viewed from distantly from the tracks of the world’s highest railway.
Fun Facts about Chaka Salt Lake
- The Salt Lake is a natural crystalline salt lake in the Qaidam Basin. It is thought to be as China’s “Mirror of the Sky,”
- The production of salt of this lake is sufficient for the whole nation to use for 75 years
- The lake contains many hand made salt sculptures and these make for fun picture with the kids.
- Chaka Lake offers a little train that tourists can ride for into the deep area of the Salt Lake
- Tourists are allowed to walk to the lake with bare feet and this makes for a very interesting feeling having all the salt rub across your feet in the shallow, ankle-deep water. If the lighting is right tourists will be able to take an almost exact mirror-reflections of themselves in the lake’s waters.
- If there are several rainy days in a row, the salt in the lake may dissolve into the water and the mud underneath will be stirred up. In some cases tourists are not allowed to walk in the lake if the rain is quite severe or constant.
- There may be many of small “black hole” in the middle of the lake where the salt has layered over an unstable area of earth. So make sure when stepping across the lake bare foot that you test the ground underneath to make sure the salt does not cave in under your feet.
Chaka is 310 kilometers away from Xining. If you start from Xining in the morning, you can reach Chaka Salt Lake by lunch time via a public minibus for CNY 80 per person and CNY 300 by charted bus. You can also go to there by jumping on a long distance bus headed to to Chaka, Wulan, or Delingha town.